Manufacturing News

China-Korea spat casts shadow over Hyundai factory town

In the industrial outskirts of Beijing, a local community in the shadow of a giant Hyundai Motor Co. manufacturing complex is feeling the fallout from a fierce diplomatic standoff between China and South Korea.

Workers said shifts at the cluster of Hyundai plants had been slashed as Hyundai struggles with plunging sales in China amid the year-long dispute. Suppliers, meanwhile, have been hit by falling orders.

Local entrepreneurs and officials said housing markets and businesses in the area, a suburban district in the northeast of the city called Migezhuang, are also suffering from lower consumer demand.

The downturn in the mini-economies that have grown around the automaker’s operations underscores how Hyundai’s sales slump is affecting local interests, too.

“Fewer people are coming to my store,” said Li Gonghe, who has been running a convenience shop in the area since 2004.

“If there were 50 people that came to my store before, now there are only five,” Li said. Hyundai workers “are getting too many days off and the whole village is paying for it.”

Hyundai’s four plants around China -- including three in the suburbs northeast of Beijing – were forced to suspend production last week after a supplier refused to provide parts due to non-payment. Production was restarted on Wednesday.

The South Korean carmaker has seen sales in China tumble more than 60 percent in recent months, largely because of a chill between China and South Korea over Seoul’s deployment of a U.S. anti-missile system.

South Korea says the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system is needed to counter threats from North Korea. China says it poses a threat to its national security.

Shifts reduced
Workers at the local plants, operated by a joint venture between Hyundai and BAIC Motor Corp., said shifts and overtime have been significantly cut, hitting salaries.

“In May, June and July, we only worked one week per month,” one worker, Liu Haipeng, said outside the gates of one factory. “We are having too many vacation days. Who knows what’s going to happen in the future.”

He said workers at a nearby South Korean factory that supplies Hyundai had recently protested against the cuts.

Hyundai and BAIC declined to comment.

Hyundai cut production at its four factories in China earlier this year due to slumping sales. A fifth China factory was scheduled to start production in August.

Xu Xianlong, 52, another worker at the Beijing plants, said employees were often being put on temporary leave because of recent slow demand. Like Liu, he said that he now only worked one week each month, while his earning power had been cut by a quarter.

“Workers are on furlough too much,” he said. “I only worked one day in May. So I didn’t get any pay that month at all.”

Mounting losses
Hyundai is not the only South Korean company feeling the heat in China. Earlier this year, Chinese regulators closed 90 retail stores owned by South Korean conglomerate Lotte Group for various safety violations.

The closures, which came after Lotte approved a land swap deal with the South Korean government in February that enabled Seoul to deploy the missile defense system, are still in effect.

“Although Lotte Mart stores have corrected safety issues, Chinese officials have not made a single visit to the stores. Hence it has been impossible for us to reopen the stores,” a Lotte Group spokesman said.

He added that the company was facing “mounting losses” in the country, though it had no plans to pull out. He asked not to be named due to the sensitivity of the issue.

“Products have been just sitting in storage, we have been paying rent while we are not making money, and been paying our Chinese employees,” the spokesman said. “Although we are not paying full wage, it’s been a financial burden to the company.”

Chinese tourism in South Korea, traditionally a popular destination, also has plummeted, after China banned tour groups from traveling to the country. Cruise operators have removed South Korean ports from itineraries and some commercial airline routes have been cut.

Chinese tourist visits to South Korea dropped 69 percent in July, according to the Korea Tourism Organization, following similar drops each month since March.

Back in Migezhuang, near the Beijing Hyundai plant, the carmaker’s troubles are worrying local residents.

“There are over 800 local residents in the village, and 1,200 to 1,300 workers from outside are living here, most of them at Hyundai factory,” Liu Yanjun, a village cadre, told Reuters in her government office. “Locals rely on the rent they get from factory workers.”

Zhai Sixing, 65, was a migrant construction worker from Shandong province until he put his life savings into opening a restaurant in the area five years ago.

“The workers aren’t doing overtime anymore, and have stopped coming to dine here,” he said. “If it continues like this, I’m going to close down this place and go back to my hometown.”

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